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"Reflections on the work of Dr. Bobby Wright"


Dr. Kobi Kazembe Kalongi Kambon (A.K.A. Joseph A. Baldwin, Ph.D.)
Distinguished Africentric Psychologist, Educator, Researcher & Author

Dr. Kobi Kambon, a distinguished educator, psychological theorist and researcher in the areas of African/Black Psychology, Black personality, mental health and cultural oppression, is a Retired Professor of Psychology from and the Department of Psychology at Florida A & M University where he served as Department Chair and Coordinator of the Community Psychology Graduate Program over a 30-year career at the University.   He chaired the department for some 12 years from 1985-1997 and is credited with establishing its internationally renowned African-centered emphasis and leading it to become one of the highest producing psychology departments for African-descent students in the country.  During his tenure, the FAMU Psychology Department was the number one producer of African American Bachelors Degrees as well as the number one producer of doctorate recipients in psychology among non-doctorate degree granting institutions in the country.  He has well over 50 scholarly publications and is the author of seven books and several widely used Black personality and mental health assessment instruments.  Two of his textbooks are into their Second Editions:  African/Black Psychology in the American Context:  An African-Centered Approach (1998, 2012) and Cultural Misorientation and the Psychology of Oppression:  The Greatest Threat to the Survival of the Black Race in the 21st Century (2003, 2014).  He is a Past-President of the Association of Black Psychologists and the recipient of numerous awards and recognitions from professional, educational, student and community organizations for his contributions to African/Black Psychology and Black community development in general.  

Dr. Kambon is a protégé of Dr. Bobby Wright, having worked very closely with him over the last 14 years of his life (1968-1982).  His text on African/Black Psychology is dedicated to Dr. Wright.  

Dr. Marimba Ani
Educator, Author, Pan-Afrikan Activist & Organizer

Dr. Marimba Ani has been involved in the Afrikan Liberation Movement since her work as a Field Organizer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in Mississippi from l963 to l966. In l967, after having traveled in Afrika, she began formal study of the nature of Afrikan Civilization in the attempt to determine how the process of culture formation could be used to achieve sovereignty for Afrikan people on the Continent and in the Diaspora. Because of this commitment she has become involved in the process of Afrikan-centered reconceptualization and the creation of a theoretical framework which will address the needs of Afrikan people to analyze phenomena from the perspective of their collective interests, values, vision and the reclamation of sovereignty.

Dr. Ani has, in this pursuit, created the Afrikan-centered theoretical concepts of Asili, Utamawazo, and Utamaroho, and the Maat/Maafa/Sankofa Paradigm as part of the endeavor to develop an Afrikan Cultural Science which will be pragmatic for the reconstruction of Afrikan Civilization. The term Maafa was developed and presented in her  book, Let The Circle Be Unbroken, in 1980, and has subsequently been embraced by the Pan-Afrikan Community world-wide to refer to the systematic attempt to destroy Afrikan Civilization and to dominate and exploit Afrikan people through capture, transport (the Middle Passage), 300 years of chattel enslavement and continuing cultural genocide. Introduction of the term Maafa has allowed people of Afrikan descent to claim and define their own reality in their own terms.

In addition, Marimba Ani’s systematic critique of the European paradigm demonstrates the anti-Afrikan nature of European thought and behavior.

The following are a few of her scholarly writings:

    “The Ideology of European Dominance,” The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol.3, No.4, Winter, 1979 and Presence Africaine, No.III, 3rd Quarter. 1979.

    “European Mythology: The Ideology of Progress,” Contemporary Black Thought, eds. Molefi Asante and Abdulai Vandi, Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1980., pp.59-79.

    Let The Circle Be Unbroken: The Implications of Afrikan Spirituality in the Diaspora. New York: Nkonimfo Press, 1988 (1980 orig.)
Yurugu: An Afrikan-Centered Critique of European Cultural Thought and Behavior. Trenton: Africa World Press, 1994.

    “To Be Afrikan,” The State of The Race, eds. Kamara and Van Der Meer. Boston: Diaspora Press, 2004.

Marimba Ani is a Pan-Afrikan activist and organizer. She was the founding Director of the Afrikan Heritage Afterschool Program in Harlem, N.Y. from 1983 to 1998, and currently directs the program in Atlanta, Georgia, where she now resides. She holds a BA degree in philosophy from the University of Chicago, and MA and Ph.D. degrees in anthropology from the New School University. A retired Professor of Afrikan Studies at Hunter College, she lectures nationally and focuses her attention on the urgent need for healing, warrior-training, and the creation of a sovereign consciousness among Afrikan people world-wide. Her daughter, Dzifa, is a practicing Physician Assistant, who teaches and performs Afrikan Dance, and also lives in Atlanta with her husband Ajisafe Adetutu, a middle-school principal. Marimba Ani is the proud grandmother of their three children, Taiwo,  Kehinde and Kwabena Idowu.

Contact Info

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