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School of Architecture

Accreditation
Center of Excellence
Faculty and Students
Building and Equipment
Research in Architecture: Institute for Building Sciences

Special Programs and Events
Financial Aid
Bachelor of Science in Architectural Studies and Bachelor of Architecture
Course Descriptions


The School of Architecture is a professional school committed to preparing its graduates for excellence in the practice of architecture and landscape architecture. All students who wish to become creative and active leaders in either field are welcomed to the School’s programs.

Admission to the School is by formal application. All applications are evaluated individually on the basis of the applicant’s academic achievements. Additional consideration may be given for work experience in the fields of architecture or landscape architecture, design and graphic ability evidenced in a portfolio, and written and oral communication skills. As a limited access program with a fixed facility, admission to the School is competitive.



In the United States, most state registration boards require a degree from an accredited professional degree program as a prerequisite for licensure.  The National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB), which is the sole agency authorized to accredit U.S. professional degree programs in architecture, recognizes three types of degrees: the Bachelor of Architecture, the Master of Architecture and the Doctor of Architecture.  A program may be granted a six-year, three-year, or two-year term of accreditation, depending on its degree of conformance with established educational standards.  Master’s degree programs may consist of a pre-professional undergraduate degree and a professional graduate degree, which, when earned sequentially, constitute an accredited professional education.  However, the pre-professional degree is not, by itself, recognized as an accredited degree.    
    
The School of Architecture offers the National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB) accredited Bachelor and Master of Architecture degrees as well as the pre- and post-professional Bachelor of Science in Architectural Studies and the Master of Science in Architecture degrees. The four-year pre-professional Bachelor of Science Architectural Studies (B.S.) degree of the FAMU School of Architecture is not accredited by NAAB.  This pre-professional degree is preparation for either continued education in the professional degree programs or, secondarily, for employment options in architecturally related areas. The Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.), which requires a minimum of five years of study, and the Master of Architecture (M. Arch.), which requires a minimum of two years of study, follow a related pre-professional bachelor’s degree.  The professional degrees are structured to educate those who aspire to architectural registration/ licensure.

Center of Excellence
Recognizing the need for more architects to be educated in the State of Florida, especially African Americans, and to attract white and other racial groups to this Historically Black College or University, the State University System founded the School of Architecture at Florida A&M University in 1975.  In 1978, the State University System selected one “Center of Excellence” on each of its nine state campuses.  Each of these programs received additional funding, and at Florida A&M, the School of Architecture received this distinction. 

Faculty and Students

The faculty is a distinguished group of people with an exceptional range of interests and talents.  In addition to teaching, faculty members engage in research and professional development in energy conservation, structural systems, environmental education, low-cost housing, building use programming, architectural communications, and computer-aided design.  The low faculty-to-student ratio allows close student contact with the faculty and personal academic advisement. Students in the School of Architecture form a highly diverse group of individuals with a wide range of backgrounds and knowledge.  Coming from all over the world, some students enter the School of Architecture as high school graduates; others come as transfer students or second-degree candidates. Students are encouraged to become involved in organizations such as the School’s chapter of the American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS), the National Organization of Minority Architects Students (NOMAS), the American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA), and Alpha Rho Chi.  The School also has a chapter of Tau Sigma Delta, the architecture honor society.  Student participation in these organizations provides a valuable service to the School as well as an important leadership-learning experience for members.  There is also a Dean’s Council in the School made up of elected student representatives from every level of the program.  The Council works closely with the Dean on all matters of interest to students.

Building and Equipment
Since January 1985, the School has been housed in a building designed to reflect the quality of its programs.  The building has an architectural resource center that offers a complete range of resources, sophisticated laboratories for student use, exhibition space for national and international shows and student displays, and indoor and outdoor areas for student gatherings. The School of Architecture has its own computer laboratory which is freely accessible to all students.  The lab is used for instruction and research in the application of computers to architecture. Science and technology laboratories are used for instruction and research in environmental controls and structures.  Equipment is available for energy analysis and studies of the climate and the physical environment.  A model-building and construction laboratory is equipped for presentation modeling, three-dimensional space analysis, and experimental construction studies.  An $11 million expansion/renovation of the building was completed spring 2002.

Research in Architecture:  Institute for Building Sciences 
The Institute for Building Sciences (IBS) coordinates the research, service,  and continuing education activities of the School of Architecture.  Through the Institute, faculty and students have conducted research and service projects for state and federal government agencies, non-profit foundations and organizations, and industry.  Many IBS projects have included international collaborations and funding.  Projects have ranged from statistical surveys, analytical studies, and comparative investigations to laboratory-intensive evaluations of building materials and construction  methods and Internet-based information dissemination systems.  In addition, IBS has conducted numerous symposia, workshops, seminars, and conferences for design professionals, contractors, developers, manufacturers, public officials, and others involved in the design, construction, and management of buildings.

Special Programs and Events
The faculty and administration of the School of Architecture believe that the student’s education is greatly strengthened by visiting critics and lecturers.  Distinguished architects and designers are invited to give a broad range of views on current architectural thought and practice.  In addition to lecturing, visitors are asked to spend additional time with students discussing potential career opportunities.  A guest lecture series is offered each semester. Many Special Studies courses are offered at the School.  These result from interests of students and faculty and have included such topics as graphics, energy, structures, film, and architectural education for children.

Located in Florida’s state capital, the School realizes special opportunities to work with many state and federal agencies and to be active in helping to establish governmental policies affecting architectural education.  Local practicing architects and designers are also important assets to the School.  They participate in student project reviews, part-time teaching assignments, and providing work experience for students.  To enhance the curriculum, students have traveled as a class to selected sites around the United States, the Caribbean, Central America and Spain.

Financial Aid
A variety of financial aid sources is available to the student, including federal and state loans, grants, and scholarships.  Financial aid is not awarded by the School of Architecture.  Application must be made to the university.  Students are encouraged to file financial aid forms as early as possible prior to the scheduled deadlines.  For more complete information and forms, write to:  Financial Aid Office, Room 101 FHAC, Florida A&M University, Tallahassee, Florida 32307.

Curriculum Guides
Bachelor of Science in Architectural Studies and Bachelor of Architecture

Freshman YearSem. Hrs.
ENC 1101, 1102 Freshman Comp. I, II6
MAC 1114 Trigonometric Functions3
ARC 1211, The Building Arts3
ARC 1301,1302, Design 1.1, 1.28
MAC 2311, Calculus 14
General Education Elective
3
 27
  
Sophomore YearSem. Hrs.
AMH XXXX African-American History3
ARC 2201 Theory in Architecture3
ARC 2303, 2304 Architectural Design 2.1, 2.28
ARC 2470 Intro. to Technology of Architecture3
ARC 2501 Architectural Structures I3
ARC 2701 Architectural History I3
PHY 2053 College Physics I4
Natural Science Elective4
Social Science Elective
3
 34
  
Junior Year Sem. Hrs.
ARC 3058 Computer Applications in Architecture 3
 ARC 3207 Architectural History II 3
 ARC 3703 Architectural History III 3
 ARC 3324, 3325 Architectural Design 3.1, 3.2 10
 ARC 3463 Materials & Methods of Construction II 4
 ARC 3551 Architectural Structures II 3
 ARC 3682 Environmental Technology II
 4
  30
  
 Senior Year  Sem. Hrs.
 ARC 4319 Design Analysis 3
 ARC 4341, 4342 Architectural Design 4.1, 4.2 10
 ARC 4562 Architectural Structures III 3
ARC 4683 Environmental Technology III4
Architecture Elective (3000 - 4000)3
Non-Architecture Elective (3000 - 4000)
6
 29
Total B.S. Architectural Studies120
  
Fifth YearSem. Hrs.
ARC 5286 Practice I3
ARC 5288 Practice II3
ARC 5352, 5353, Adv. Arch. Design 5.1, 5.212
ARC 5910, Project Research3
Architectural Elective (4000-6000 level)6
 Non-Architecture Elective (3000 - 4000)
 3
  30
Total Bachelor of Architecture150


Course Descriptions

ARC 1211 The Building Arts
(3) Introduction to architecture as a career and field of academic study.  Relationship to other design professions, roles of the architect in society, and purpose and functions of the profession are general topics for discussion and exploration.  Open to non-architecture students and fulfills humanities requirement.

ARC 1301 Design 1.1
(4)  The primary foci of this course are the development of two- and three-dimensional graphic skills and the ability to think spatially and to manipulate elements in space.  Analysis and design exercises are located primarily in abstract two/three dimensional space and deal with topics such as figure/ground relationships, line/plane/mass, the ideas of systems, networks, repetition, and the relation of part to whole.

ARC 1302 Design 1.2
(4) [Prereq:  ARC 1301.]  This course continues the emphases and topics studied in Design 1.1, with increased expectation with regard to graphic and spatial manipulation ability.  Students study exemplary works of art and architecture, beginning the process of developing an understanding of the role history plays in their own creative explorations.  By the end of the course, site and the human being are part of the design environment.  Exercises engage only a few carefully selected architectural variables at a time.

ARC 2201 Theory in Architecture
(3) [Prereq:  ENC 1102.] An introduction to contemporary architectural theories, their evolution and their historical basis.

ARC 2303 Architectural Design 2.1
(4) [Prereq. ARC 1302.]  The course focuses on the development of inhabited space, including considerations of generic site, climate, and human comfort for simple indoor and outdoor spaces.  Students extend the lessons of systems learned in first year to study of basic building parts--floor, wall, and roof.  The use of plan/section/elevation and models incorporating the human dimension is the main vehicle for these explorations.  This course offers the opportunity to make links, in the form of a joint project, to the theory course and the introduction to technology course.

ARC 2304 Design 2.2
(4)  [Prereq.  ARC 2303.]  In this course, students study sample buildings on specific sites that they are able to visit.  The student’s design process is carefully structured through a series of exercises within a particular design project.  Students are introduced to and are expected to use in their designs ordering systems based on circulation, structural support, function, climate, and context.  Precedent, technology, and aesthetics begin to play a part in the development and evaluation of design solutions.  The course offers the opportunity to link to Architectural History I and build on the framework of ideas put forth in the first theory course.

ARC 2470 Introduction to the Technology of Architecture
(3) Basis for upper-division courses in structures, environment technology, and materials and methods of construction.  This course introduces themes that cut across these technology areas such as the response of buildings to the natural and built environments, strength and durability in building materials, and quantitative methods of analysis and design of building assemblies and support systems.

ARC 2501 Architectural Structures I
(3) [Prereq.  ARC 2470, PHY 2053, MAC 2311.] This course covers structural concepts and principles of structural behavior. Included are the elements of statics and mechanics of material: concurrent and noncurrent force systems, moments and couples, equilibrium, centroids and moment of inertia, stress and strain, shear and moment diagrams, elastic column buckling, flexural and shearing stresses in beams, and truss analysis.

ARC 2701 Architectural History I
(3) [Prereq.  ARC 1211.]  A critical exploration of the history and theory of architecture from antiquity through the end of the 13th century.  This course examines  the making and intent of significant buildings and sites tracing the developments that have given meaning to the built environment and brought order to the tectonics of architecture. Open to non-architecture students and fulfills humanities requirement.

ARC 3058 Computer Applications in Architecture
(3) [Prereq.  Upper-division standing.]  Introduces students to the use of digital media for architectural design through specific drawing and modeling applications.  The computer as a concept, the computability of design, and computers as design/modeling tools are areas of emphasis.  Generation, manipulation, and reproduction of two-dimensional and three-dimensional architectural models using digital media are stressed.

ARC 3207 Architectural History II
(3) [Prereq.  Upper-division standing.]  A critical exploration of the history and theory of architecture from the 14th century to the present.  This course examines the making and intent of significant buildings and sites tracing the developments that have given meaning to the built environment and brought order to the tectonics of architecture.

ARC 3703 Architectural History III
(3) [Prereq.  ARC 3207.]  An in-depth study of critical positions in 20th century architectural thought.

ARC 3324 Architectural Design 3.1
(5)  [Prereq.  Upper-division standing.] The important issues from the first two years of design are revisited within the context of small buildings or building complexes with multiple uses and specific sites with distinctive site features.  Design exercises are structured to allow for teaching design processes and to ensure that students engage all issues of a project.  Students are expected to begin to develop meaningful alternative responses to important design issues and to begin to evaluate these alternatives.

ARC 3325 Architectural Design 3.2
(5) [Prereq.  ARC 3324.]  The second term of third year emphasizes working within a specific context, both in terms of a site in an historic setting and in terms of the materials and logic of building.  It offers the opportunity to link with the history course on modern architecture by locating a design project in a setting being studied in the history course.  The course also incorporates a hands-on experience with building materials and systems that relates to a design project for a specific climate and topography.  

ARC 3463 Materials and Methods of Construction II
(4) [Prereq.  ARC 2304, ARC 2470, upper-division standing.]  Technical principles governing the construction and behavior of building enclosure in the design process.  Principles framed within the context of issues important to present and anticipated future built environment.

ARC 3551 Arch Structures II 
(3) [Prereq.  Upper-division standing.]  Structural analysis and behavior.  Determinate structural systems.  Design of timber and steel elements.

ARC 3682 Environmental Technology II
(4) [Prereq.  Upper-division standing.]  Mechanical systems:  thermal comfort, indoor air quality, active and passive climate control approaches, energy utilization, fire protection, sanitation systems.  Technical problems associated with providing quality environments for human habitation.

ARC 4319 Design Analysis
(3) [Prereq.  Upper-division standing.]  Survey of the relationship between the design disciplines (specifically, design in architecture) and general science, planning, art, and other human modes of knowing and interacting with reality.  The course aims at increasing student understanding of the concepts of design, planning, creativity, science, art, philosophy, and their role and relationship to architectural design.  Methods and techniques for improving skills of problem analysis and problem-solving, creativity, critical thinking and judgment, evaluation, communication about design problems, information-gathering and analysis, dealing with design difficulties, and negotiation and conflict resolution. 

ARC 4341 Architectural Design 4.1
(5) [Prereq.  ARC 3325, ARC 3463.]  The first term of fourth year emphasizes accountability in terms of working from a theoretical position grounded in history and precedent and from the idea of the detail as a form determinant.  The course includes an out-of-town trip to see examples of the work being studied.

ARC 4342 Architectural Design 4.2
(5)  [Prereq.  ARC 4341.]  This term has two emphases.  The first is to bring together the lessons of the previous design courses in the comprehensive design of a building of moderate size, possibly in the context of a competition.  The second is to study large, complex buildings culminating within an urban setting in a design project that focuses on the organization of all the parts of such a building and its relation to the historical/cultural and physical context.

ARC 4562 Arch Structures III
(3) [Prereq.  ARC 3551.]  Indeterminate structures and analysis and design of reinforced concrete elements and systems.  Fundamentals of pre-stressed concrete, lateral forces, and resisting systems.

ARC 4683 Environmental Technology III
(4) [Prereq.  Upper-division standing.]  Daylighting and electrical lighting, architectural acoustics, electrical and communications systems, and mechanized circulation systems.  Technical problems associated with providing quality environments for human habitation.

ARC 5286 Practice I
(3) [Prereq.  admission to B.Arch. programs.]This survey course examines the methods and processes related to procuring and delivering projects in an architectural practice.  Course content includes the history of architectural practice, legal forms of association, project procurement, design and construction delivery systems, project management, bidding, contract negotiation processes, construction administration, and cost management.

ARC 5288 Practice II
(3)  [Prereq.  ARC 5286.]This course investigates the evolution of architectural practice and the role of the architect from a historical and contemporary point of view.  Emphasis is placed on the current state of practice and its relation and obligations to the community, the marketplace, and the profession.  This course explores the varied contexts in which architects have negotiated, conceived, and executed professional services from antiquity to the present.  A major intent of the course is to explore professional ethics as related to architectural practice and to assess the architect’s obligation and relationship to the community.

ARC 5352 Advanced Architectural Design 5.1
(6) [Prereq.  Admission to the B.Arch. program.]  This term focuses on the study of a particular urban setting.  This setting forms the basis for an urban design project conducted during this term and also for the terminal project of Advanced Architectural Design 5.2.  The urban design project requires students to work both individually and in groups with other students.

ARC 5353 Advanced Architectural Design 5.2
(6) [Prereq.  ARC 5352.]  Students are required to design a building or group of buildings in the urban setting studied in Advanced Architectural Design 5.1 and based on the building programs they developed the previous semester.  Students work closely with the course instructor and one or more other advisors among the architecture faculty.  The student’s work must demonstrate comprehensive competence sufficient to meet the exit requirements of this degree program.

ARC 5910 Project Research
(3) [Prereq.  Admission to the B.Arch. program.]  Program development and exploration of design issues related to a terminal design project.