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College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Minimum Requirements for Graduate Admission
Requirements for the Master of Science Degree (M.S.)
Requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy Degree (Ph.D.)
Seminar Policy
Graduation Policy
Courses
Finacial Aid
Specialization in Pharmacology/Toxicology Core Curriculum for all Graduates
Specialization in Medicinal Chemistry
Specialization in Environmental Toxicology
Specialization in Pharmaceutics
Specialization in Pharmacoeconomics

Graduate Course Descriptions


Master of Science/Doctor of Philosophy


Master of Science/Doctor of Philosophy
The College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at Florida A&M University offers comprehensive programs of course work and research leading to the Master of Science degree and Doctor of Philosophy degree in pharmaceutical sciences.  Specializations are offered in pharmacology/toxicology, medicinal chemistry, environmental toxicology (Ph.D. degree only),pharmaceutics, pharmacoepidemiology, (M.S. only)and pharmacoeconomics(M.S. only) Each program of study is under the direction of a supervisory committee which oversees development of each student’s curriculum and general progress and monitors adherence to general degree requirements. Graduates of these programs will find a wide spectrum of employment opportunities in academic institutions, pharmaceutical industry, and government. Enrollment in the graduate programs is limited due to research facilities, the number of faculty and the availability of research and student support.


Minimum Requirements for Graduate Admission

For M.S. Programs
3.0 GPA in the last 60 semester hours or
1,000 combined score on the GRE (verbal and quantitative)
Foreign students must obtain a Test of English as a Foreign Language
(TOEFL) score prior to admission.

For Ph.D. Programs
1,000 combined GRE score and 3.0 GPA or
A total of 6.0 or greater on the sliding scale:
GRE Score x 3/1000 = GRE Factor
GRE Factor GPA > 6.0 or
A Master’s degree from an accredited institution and three (3) letters of recommendation.
Foreign students must obtain a Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) score prior to application submission.

Requirements for the
Master of Science Degree (M.S.)


    -    Completion of at least thirty (30) semester hours of graduate level course work and research including:
    a.    a minimum of four semester hours of Research Seminar (PHA 6938)
    b.    a minimum of six semester hours of Research and Thesis (PHA 975)
    -    A 3.0 cumulative grade point average must be maintained
    -    Participation in the instructional component of selected  undergraduate laboratories as assigned
    -    One presentation at a national scientific meeting
    -    Presentation of one research article in a refereed scientific journal
    -    Satisfactory performance on final comprehensive written examinations
    -    Presentation and defense of an acceptable thesis based on original research

Requirements for the Doctor
of Philosophy Degree (Ph.D.)


    -    Completion of at least ninety (90) semester hours of graduate level course work and research  including:
    a.    a minimum of nine (9) hours of Research Seminar (PHA 6938)
    b.    a minimum of twelve (12) hours of Dissertation Research (PHA 7980)
    -    A 3.0 cumulative grade point average must be  maintained
    -    Participation in the instructional component of  selected undergraduate courses including lectures and/or laboratories as assigned
    -    Submission and successful defense of the research protocol
    -    Successful completion of oral and written comprehensive examination
    -    Presentation of at least two manuscripts for publication in refereed scientific journals
    -    Submission of an acceptable dissertation based on scholarly and independent research
    -    Presentation and defense of an acceptable dissertation based on original laboratory research
    -    Two presentations at national scientific meetings

Seminar Policy
All graduate students, including those who have satisfied the minimum seminar requirement for either degree program, are expected to enroll and participate in Research Seminar every semester, except the semester in which the thesis or dissertation is defended.

Graduation Policy
Students must be registered at Florida A&M University in the semester in which they are awarded a degree (M.S. or Ph.D.).
The following graduate level courses are offered in the College of Pharmacy for fulfillment of the requirements of the M.S. and Ph.D. degree in pharmaceutical sciences.  Additional graduate offerings may be obtained from the approved list of courses at nearby Florida State University (FSU) with the written permission of the supervisory committee.

Courses
   Sem. Hrs.
PHA 6105 Unit Operations in the Pharmaceutical Industry  2
PHA 6105L Unit Operations in the Pharmaceutical Industry Lab   1
PHA 6117 Adv Phys Pharmac  3
PHA 6121 Grad Pharmacokinetics  4
PHA 6175 Pharmaceutical Product formulation  3
PHA 6176 Drug Delivery  3
PHA 6180 Adv Pharmaceutics I  3
PHA 6181 Adv Pharmaceutics II  2
PHA 6182 Advanced Pharmaceutics III  2
PHA 6220 Economic Evaluation of Pharmaceuticals  3
PHA 6221 Overview of Managed Care  3
PHA 6256 Pharmacy in the Health Care  3
PHA 6257 Organization and Administration of U.S. Health Care  3
PHA 6258 Contemporary Issues in Long-Term Care  3
PHA 6259 Humanistic Outcomes of Pharmaceutical Programs  3
PHA 6260 Advanced Studies in Pharmacoeconomics  3
PHA 6353 Natural Product Chem  2
PHA 6433 Graduate Pharmacomed Chem I  2
PHA 6434 Graduate Pharmacomed Chem II  2
PHA 6441 Adv Medicinal Chem I  2
PHA 6442 Adv Medicinal Chem II  2
PHA 6446 Topics Med Chemistry  2
PHA 6447 Stab/Chem Kinetic Drug  3
PHA 6507 Adv Cardiovac Physiology  2
PHA 6513 Grad Pharmacology I  2
PHA 6514 Grad Pharmacology II  2
PHA 6519 Adv Cardiovas Pharmacology  2
PHA 6525 Pharmacological Techniques  3
PHA 6527 Anal Mtd Phar & Tox  2
PHA 6527L Analysis Mtd Pha & TOx-L  1
PHA 6532 HUM HLT & Env Tox  3
PHA 6533 Grad Toxicology  2
PHA 6534 Environ Toxicology  3
PHA 6535 Advanced Toxicology  3
PHA 6536 Hum Hlt & Env Tox II  3
PHA 6737 Drugs in Society  4
PHA 6538 Toxicokinetics  4
PHA 6539 Envir Tox II  3
PHA 6545 Neuropharmacology  3
PHA 6547 Endocrine Pharmacology  4
PHA 6553 Epid & Hum Risk Assessment  4
PHA 6570 Biotech & Mole Biology  3
PHA 6576 Molecular Pharmacology  3
PHA 6578 Biochemical Pharmacology  2
PHA 6582 Anal Meth Neuroscience  2
PHA 6582L Anal Meth Neuroscience Lab  2
PHA 6715 Biostat & Comp Methodology  3
PHA 6715L Biostat & Comp Mtd. Lab  1
PHA 6717 Research Design Methods & Analysis  3
PHA 6719 Res Dsgn Met & Analysis  3
PHA 6740 Proposal Prep & Grant Admin  2
PHA 6749 Col Tech Hlt Care Pro  2
PHA 6901 Intro Grad Stu Pharm  Var 01-05
PHA 6907 Spec Prob Pharm Sciences  Var 01-04
PHA 6916L Research Internship  Var 01-09
PHA 6916 Field Experience in Pharmacy Administration  2-6
PHA 6938 (2) Pharmacy Administration Seminar  1(x4)
PHA 6938 Research Seminar  1
PHA 6975 Research and Thesis  Var 01-09
PHA 7979 Advanced Research  Var 01-09
PHA 7980   Dissertation  1-12
PHA 8966  Comprehensive Examination, Master’s  0
PHA 8968  Research Protocol  0
PHA 8969 Comprehensive  Examination, Doctoral  0
PHA 8976 Thesis Defense  0
PHA 8985 Dissertation Defense  0
   
Financial Aid

Support ranging from $8,500 to $16,200 per year is available in the form of research or teaching assistantships and fellowships to qualified students.  Work-study funds and tuition waivers may also be available on a limited basis. 
   
Specialization in Pharmacology/Toxicology
Core Curriculum for all Graduates
Sem. Hrs.
BCH 5045 Advanced Biochemistry  3
PHA 6513 Graduate Pharmacology  2
PHA 6514 Graduate Pharmacology II  2
PHA 6715 Biostatistics  3
PHA 6715L Biostatistics  1
PHA 6527 Analytical Methods  3
   
Core Curriculum for M.S. in Pharmacology/Toxicology  Total=32 hrs.
PHA 6545 Neuropharmacology  3
PHA 6547 Endocrine Pharmacology  4
PHA 6576 Molecular Pharmacology  3
PHA 6938 Seminar  4
PHA 6975 Research and Thesis  6
PHA 8966 Master of Science Comprehensive Examination  0
PHA 8967 Thesis Defense  0
   
Core Curriculum for Ph.D.in Pharmacology/Toxicology Total=90 Hrs.
PHA 6519 Adv. Cardiovascular Pharmacology  2
PHA 6525 Pharmacological Techniques  3
PHA 6533 Graduate Toxicology  2
PHA 6535 Advanced Toxicology  3
PHA 6545 Neuropharmacology  3
PHA 6547 Endocrine Pharmacology  4
PHA 6576 Molecular Pharmacology  3
PHA 6578 Biochemical Pharmacology  2
PHA 6740 Proposal Prep & Grant Ad  2
PHA 6938 Seminar  9
PHA 7979 Advanced Research  12
PHA 7980 Dissertation  12
PHA 8968 Doctoral Research Protocol  0
PHA 8969 Doctoral Comprehensive Examination  0
PHA 8985 Doctoral Dissertation Defense  0
Electives  15
As prerequisites for these courses, all students will be required to have the following:
  • Calculus
  • Physiology
  • Pathology
  • Anatomy and Neuroscience
Electives can be selected from other graduate courses offered in the College of Pharmacy or relevant graduate courses offered at FAMU or FSU.

** Required only of non-pharmacy graduates.  It is required that students concurrently register for PHA 3580 Human Structure and Function and PHA 3581 Pathophysiolog,  if they have not previously completed this or an equivalent course in human medical physiology.  These physiology courses are not available for graduate credit. 
   
Specialization in Medicinal Chemistry

Core Curriculum for All Graduate Students (M.S. and Ph.D.)
 Sem. Hrs.
BCH 5045 Advanced Biochemistry  3
PHA 6513 Graduate Pharmacology I  2
PHA 6514 Graduate Pharmacology II  2
PHA 6527 Analytical Methods  3
PHA 6715 Biostatistics  3
PHA 6715L Biostatistics Lab  1
Core Curriculum for M.S. in Medicinal Chemistry  Total = 33  Hrs.
CHM 5225 Advanced Organic Chemistry  3
CHM 5226 Advanced Organic Chemistry  3
PHA 6433 Graduate Pharmacomed Chem I  2
PHA 6434 Graduate Pharmacomed Chem II  2
PHA 6441 Advanced Medicinal Chemistry I  2
PHA 6576 Molecular Pharmacology  3
PHA 6938 SeminarPHA 6938 Seminar  4
PHA 6975 Research and Thesis  6
PHA 8966 Master of Science Comprehensive Examination  0
PHA 8967 Thesis Defense  0
Core Curriculum for Ph.D. in Medicinal Chemistry  Total = 90  Hrs.
CHM 5225 Advanced Organic Chemistry  3
CHM 5226 Advanced Organic Chemistry  3
CHM 5250 Advanced Organic Chemistry  3
PHA 6380 Special Topics in Medicinal Chemistry  2
PHA 6433 Graduate Pharmacomed Chem I  2
PHA 6434 Graduate Pharmacomed Chem II  2
PHA 6441 Advanced Medicinal Chemistry I  4
PHA 6442 Advanced Medicinal Chemistry II  4
PHA 6554 Natural Product Chemistry  2
PHA 6576 Molecular Pharmacology  3
PHA 6578 Biochemical  Pharmacology  2
PHA 6740 Proposal Prep & Grant Ad  2
PHA 6938 Seminar  9
PHA 7979 Advanced Research  10
PHA 7980 Dissertation  12
PHA 8968 Doctoral Research Protocol  12
PHA 8969 Doctoral Comprehensive Examination  0
PHA 8985 Doctoral Dissertation Defense  0
Electives  15
Electives may be chosen from, but are not limited to all currently offered graduate courses in the College of Pharmacy:
 
CHM 4230-FAMU; CHM 4230-FSU Organic Qualitative Analysis
CHM 461 0-FAMU; CHM 461 0-FSU Inorganic Chemistry


    *    CHM 5240 Physical Organic Chemistry
    *    CHM 5506 and 5507 Macromolecules I and 11
    *    CHM 5150L Laboratory Methods in Biochemistry
    *    BCH 5425 Molecular Biology
    *    PCB 5026 Cellular and Molecular Biology
    *    CHM 5151 Optical Methods of Chemical Analysis
    *    BCH 5745 Chemical and Physical Characterization of Biopolymers

Notes
    *    Offered only by Florida State University
    **    Required only of non-pharmacy graduates. Students are required to concurrently register for Human Structure/ Function, Pathophysiology (PHA 3580,3581) if they have not previously completed this or an equivalent course in human medical physiology.  These physiology courses are not available for graduate credit.
    -    Graduate Medicinal Chemistry I and II (PHA 6433 and 6434) are required of all non-pharmacy graduates.
    *    The  following courses or their equivalent should be on the student’s transcript or must be made up during the first year of graduate study:

Two semesters of calculus (MAC 2311 and 2312) or equivalent.
Two semesters of physical chemistry (CHM 4410 and 4411) or equivalent.
  
Specialization in Environmental Toxicology  
Core Courses for All Graduate  Students Sem. Hrs. 
BCH 5045 Advanced Biochemistry 3
*PHA 6513 Graduate Pharmacology I  2
*PHA 6514 Graduate Pharmacology II  2
PHA 6527 Analytical Methods  3
PHA 6715 Biostatistics  3
PHA 6515L Biostatistics  1
   
Core Courses for Ph.D. with Specialization in
Environmental Toxicology
 
ECH 5095 **Environmental Chemistry  3
EVS 5862 Regulatory Toxicology  3
PHA 6532 Human Health and Environmental Toxicants I  3
PHA 6533 Graduate Toxicology  2
PHA 6534 Environmental Toxicology I  3
PHA 6535 Advanced Toxicology  3
PHA 6536 Human Health and Environmental Toxicants II  3
PHA 6538 Toxicokinetics  4
PHA 6539 Environmental Toxicology II  3
PHA 6553 Enviro Epidemiology & Human Risk Assess  4
PHA 6740 Proposal Prep & Grants Ad  2
PHA 6916 Research Internship  6-10
PHA 6938 Seminar  9
PHA 7979 Advanced Research  6
PHA 7980 Dissertation  12
PHA 8969 Doctoral Comprehensive Examination  0
PHA 8968 Doctoral Research Protocol  0
PHA 8985 Doctoral Dissertation Defense  0
Electives
 8-10
 Total hours  78-82
Electives may be chosen from, but not limited to:
All currently offered graduate courses in the College of Pharmacy

EVS  5027  Environmental Microbiology (FAMU/ESI)
EVS  5604 Hazard Material Management (FAMU/ESI)
EVS  5606  Environmental Physiopology and Nutrition
URP 5425 Methods of Environmental Impact (FSU)
URP 5427 Environmental Legislation and Policy (FSU) 

Notes:
    *    Offered only by Florida State University
    **    Required only of non-pharmacy graduates. Students are required to concurrently register for PHA 3580 Human Structure/Function and PHA 3581 Pathophysiology  if they have not previously completed this or an equivalent course in human medical physiology. These physiology courses are not available for graduate credit.
    *    Environmental Chemistry and Regulatory Toxicology is offered by the Environmental Sciences Institute, Florida A&M University, at the graduate level.
    *    Students should check with the course instructor for the prerequisite for each course before registration.
Specialization in Pharmaceutics
Core Curriculum for M.S. and Ph.D. Candidates
 Sem. Hrs.
PHA 5045  Advanced Biochemistry  3
PHA 6513, 6514 Graduate Pharmacology I, II  4
PHA 6527  Analytic Methods  3
PHA 6517  Biostatistics & Lab  4
Core Curriculum for M.S. in Pharmaceutics  
PHA 6117 Advanced Physical Pharmacy  3
PHA 6176 Drug Delivery  3
PHA 6938 Seminar  2
PHA 6975 Research and Thesis  6
PHA 8966 Master of Science Comprehensive Examination  0
PHA 8967 Thesis Defense  0
   
Core Curriculum for Ph.D. in Pharmaceutics  90 Sem.Hrs.
PHA 6117 Advanced Physical Pharmacy  3
PHA 6121 Advanced Pharmacokinetics  4
PHA 6175 Pharmaceutical Product Formulation  3
PHA 6176 Drug Delivery  3
PHA 6180 *Advanced Pharmaceutics l  3
PHA 6181 *Advanced Pharmaceutics ll  2
PHA 6182 Advanced Pharmaceutics III  2
PHA 6447 Chemical Kinetics and Stability of Drugs  3
PHA 6570 Biotechnology & Molecular Biology  3
PHA 6740 Proposal Preparation and Grants Administration  2
PHA 6938 Seminar  9
PHA 7979 Advanced Research  12
PHA 7980 Dissertation  12
PHA 8969 Doctoral Comprehensive Examination  0
PHA 8968 Doctoral Research Protocol  0
PHA 8985 Doctoral Dissertation Defense  0
*Required only of non-pharmacy graduates.  

Electives may be selected from, but are not limited to:  
PHA 6105 Unit Operations in the Pharmaceutical Industry  3
PHA 6174 Sterile Dosage Forms  3
PHA 6175 Pharmaceutical Product Formulation  3
PHA 6907 Advanced Topics in Pharmaceutical Sciences  3
PHA XXXX Industrial Pharmacy  3
PHA XXXX Pharmaceutical Packaging  3
   
Specialization in Pharmacoeconomics
Core Curriculum for the M.S. in Pharmacoeconomics
 
STA 5207 Applied Regression Methods  3
STA 5707 Applied Multivariate Analysis  3
PHA 6220 Economic Evaluation of Pharmaceutics  3
PHA 6221 Overview of Managed Care  3
PHA 6256 Pharmacy in the Health Care Systems  3
PHA 6257 Organization and Administration of U.S. Health Care  3
PHA 6258 Contemporary Issues in Long- Term Care  3
PHA 6259 Humanistic Outcomes of Pharmaceutical Programs  3
PHA 6260 Advanced Studies in Pharmacoeconomics  6
PHA 6917 Research Design Methods and Analysis  3
PHA 6916 Field Experience in Pharmacy Administration  2-6
PHA 6938 Pharmacy Administration Seminar  1(4)
PHA 6975 Thesis  6
PHA 8966 Master of Science Comprehensive Examination  0
PHA 8967 Thesis Defense  0
   38

Graduate Course Descriptions

PHA 6105 Unit Operations in the Pharmaceutical Industry  (2) This course deals with the study of the various unit operations involved in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals with particular emphasis on those used in the production of solid, liquid and semisolid dosage forms. Two (2) lectures per week.
PHA 6105 Unit Operations in the Pharmaceutical Industry Lab (1) Lab to accompany PHA 6105.
PHA 6117 Advanced Physical Pharmacy (3) Special topics of a physical-chemical nature applicable to pharmaceutical systems.  Emphasis is given to chemical kinetics, stability of pharmaceuticals and principles of colloid and surface science.  Applications to dosage form design and biological systems are considered.  Three (3) lectures per week.
PHA 6121 Advanced Pharmacokinetics (4) Principles of pharmacokinetics parameters (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion) as they relate to dosage regimen of individual drugs and patient factors which affect drug therapy.  Four (4) lectures per week.
PHA 6176 Drug Delivery (3) Emphasizes the theoretical basis of new drug delivery systems.  The student should develop the ability to utilize and apply the properties of drug and carrier system to develop new dosage forms. Three (3) hours per week
PHA 6180 Advanced Pharmaceutics I  (3) Prereq: CHM 3211, PHY 3005 The study of the pharmaceutical and physicochemical aspects affecting formulation of liquid dosage forms with emphasis on solutions and extractives, parenteral preparations, intravenous admixtures, opthalamic preparations and polyphasic systems. Three (3) hours per week.
PHA 6181 Advanced Pharmaceutics II  (2) Prereq.: PHA 6180. A study of solid dosage forms such as powders, tablets and capsules as well as sustained release drug delivery systems.  Topical applications, dissolution, aerosols radiopharmaceuticals, stability of pharmaceutical products and reaction kinetics incompatibility and complexation.  Two (2) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6182 Advanced Pharmaceutics III  (2) Prereq.: PHA 6181.  Introduction to application of pharmacokinetic principles with special emphasis to be given to patient factors such as disease states, age, drug factors such as formulation in drug delivery and availability and formulation of a rational dosage regimen.  Two  (2) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6220 Economic Evaluation of Pharmaceuticals (3) Advanced course in the theory and principles of pharmaceutical economics. Primary course objective is to introduce students to conceptual and theoretical foundations of conducting pharmaceutical economic analysis and practical methodological issues an evaluator needs to resolve in undertaking an economic evaluation of a pharmaceutical program. This course is a prerequisite to Advanced Studies in Pharmacoeconomics which deals with the application of knowledge gained in present course.
PHA 6221 Overview of Managed Care (3) Introduction to key concepts of managing programs in the health care system. This course is designed for graduate students in health care programs. The first part of the course focuses on understanding the managed care system. The second part is an applied section for students to investigate different health care providers, consumers, and managed care organizations and their perspectives about managed care.
PHA 6256 Pharmacy in the Health Care System (3) An overview and appraisal of the pharmacy profession and health care system. Students will explore and critique the present role of pharmacists as health care providers and examine the evolving role of pharmacists as health care providers. Historical changes in professions of medicine, nursing, and law will also be explored and compared to that of pharmacy.
PHA 6257 Organization and Administration of U.S. Health Care (3) The overall goal of this course is to provide graduate students with a systematic understanding of the U.S. health care system-the arrangement and delivery of health care services in the U.S. The development of the U.S. medical care system, its current status and future trends will be discussed. The course will also cover the historical, social, political, and economic forces that influence the access, utilization, quality, and cost of health care services. Health care concepts and terminology, available technology and resources, provider characteristics, methods of financing, government regulation, and health care reform initiatives will be reviewed.
 PHA 6258 Seminar on Contemporary Issues in Long-Term Care (3) This course covers changing contemporary topics in long-term care research. In addition to formal lectures by instructor, students will read, present and critique research for discussion during seminar.
 PHA 6259 Humanistic Outcomes of Pharmaceutical Programs (3) This course is designed to present an understanding of the concepts, development, and types of humanistic outcomes measures used as pharmacoeconomic research tools.
 PHA 6260 Advanced Studies in Pharmacoeconomics (3) Prereq: PHA 6259 and PHA 6220. Application of economic and humanistic outcome evaluations of health care. Primary objective of course is to expose students to the application of conceptual and theoretical foundations of pharmacoeconomic analysis in health care.
PHA 6353 Natural Product Chemistry (2) Prereq: PHA 4430, 4431.  Biosynthesis, isolation, characterization, and the SAR of compounds isolated from plants, animals, and microbial organisms.  Two (2) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6433 Graduate Medicinal Chemistry I  (2) Synthesis of man-made drug moieties and extraction and purification of naturally occurring drugs. Three (3) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6434 Graduate Medicinal Chemistry II  (2) Synthesis of man-made drug moieties and extraction and purification of naturally occurring drugs.  Three (3) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6441 Advanced Medicinal Chemistry I (2) This course integrates principles and concepts of biochemistry physiology; physical, organic and computational chemistry in the design and synthesis of agents targeted to specific receptors in the body.
PHA 6442 Advanced Medicinal Chemistry II (2) This course integrates principles and concepts of biochemistry physiology; physical, organic and computational chemistry in the design and synthesis of agents targeted to specific receptors in the body.
PHA 6446 Topics in Medicinal Chemistry (2) Prereq: PHA 6433, 6434.Examination of pertinent topics in contemporary medicinal chemistry. Emphasis on drug discovery, rationale of drug design, and developmental process for new drugs.  Two (2) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6447 Stability and Chemical Kinetics of Drugs (3) Prereq.: PHA 3111. This course deals with the study of kinetics and mechanisms of solution reactions as applied to pharmaceutical systems, including drug degradation and stabilization. Three (3) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6507 Advanced Cardiovascular Physiology (2) Analysis of cardiovascular physiology, including hemodynamics, cardiac mechanics, electrocardiophysiology, cardiac control, and history of cardiovascular physiology.
PHA 6513 Graduate Pharmacology I (2) Effects of drugs on the human body. Two (2) hours of lecture per week.
PHA 6514 Graduate Pharmacology II  (2) Effects of drugs on the human body.  Two (2) hours of lecture per week.
PHA 6519 Advanced Cardiovascular Pharmacology (2) Prereq.: PHA 6514.  This course is designed to build on the basic concepts that were taught in the general and advanced pharmacology courses.   To teach and analyze the established and experimental concepts related to cardiac mechanics, cardiacontrol, vascular control, hemodynamics, cardiametabolism cardia and vascular pathology and to interrelate the number and types of pharmacological agents that are used experimentally.  Two (2) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6525 Pharmacological Techniques (3) Principles and applications of lab techniques used in evaluation of pharmacological agents.  Screening drug activity of synthetic and natural compounds, utilizing modern recording equipment.  Three (3) laboratory sessions per week.
PHA 6527 Analytical Methods in Pharmacology and Toxicology & Lab  (2,1) Principles and application of lab techniques as they apply to detection and mechanism of action of drugs and detection of compounds in environmental and industrial toxicology.  Use of  modern lab analytical methods, including gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Three (3) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6532 Human Health and Environmental Toxicants I (3) Prereq.: PHA 6514. Emphasizes description of principles important in understanding toxicologic events, types of injury produced in specific organs or systems by toxic agents and examples of agents which cause these effects.  Toxic responses of various systems, i.e., liver, blood, immune system, kidney and pulmonary systems.  Three (3) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6533 Graduate Toxicology (2) Clinical problems of drugs, environmental and industrial toxicities. Toxicological test procedures and case studies.  Two (2) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6534 Environmental Toxicology (3) Prereq.: PHA 6514, 6533, 6535.  This course is designed to discuss the pathophysiological, toxicological and functional disorders to human health resulted from exposure of various chemicals in the environment.  In addition, the course will consider the various chemical agents in the air, water, food, pesticides and other environmental components that affect the public health. Three (3) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6535 Advanced Toxicology (2) Theoretical aspects of toxicology at the molecular level in regard to mechanisms and consequences of toxicology.  Two (2) hours lecture per week.
PHA 6536 Human Health Environmental Toxicants II (3); Prereq. PHA 6514, 6535.  Designed to describe principles important in understanding toxicologic events, types of injury produced in specific organs or systems by toxic agents and examples of agents which cause these effects.  The toxics of various systems, i.e. cardiovascular, the skin central nervous system, reproductive system and developmental toxicology. Three (3) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6538 Toxicokinetics (4) Prereq.: PHA 6514, 6535. Study of time course of absorption, distribution, elimination, excretion of toxins.  Toxins are accumulated in the body and their levels at site of action are related to their toxic intensity. Three (3) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6539 Environmental Toxicology II (3); Prereq PHA 6514, 6533, 6535, Designed to further discuss the qualitative and quantitative human pathophysiological, toxicological and functional disorders precipitated by biochemical and physical agents.  Furthermore, the course will consider the various chemical and environmental agents in air, water, food, pesticides and other environmental sources which are of public health concern.  Three (3) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6545 Neuropharmacology (3) Study of drugs and toxins affecting the central nervous system, drug addiction and abuse from the pharmacological point of view and autonomic and CNS drugs in relation to their neural properties and toxic side reactions.
PHA 6547 Endocrine Pharmacology (4) Study of the physiology of the endocrine organs, their metabolic products and functions, consideration of therapeutic applications of the various hormones, and effects of drugs on endocrine function.
PHA 6553 Epidemiology and Human Risk Assessment (4); Prereq. PHA 6535, 6536.  Course designed to describe basic knowledge on epidemiology. Elements of descriptive and analytical epidemiology with emphasis on environmental contaminations.  An in-depth risk assessment analysis for human exposure to toxic substance will be discussed. Four (4) hour lecture per week.
PHA 6570 Biotechnology & Molecular Biology (3); Prereq.: Graduate student status or upper-class undergraduate with permission of the Dean.  Will cover the basic concepts of molecular biology and will examine methods of DNA cloning, techniques and uses of molecular biology and biotechnology.  Use of techniques to study disease and their application to drug development, production and mechanism elucidation will also be covered.  Three (3) lecture hours.
PHA 6576 Molecular Pharmacology (3) Modern concepts of molecular structure and biochemistry form basis for discussing molecular theories of drug action.  Emphasis on development of receptor concepts, techniques for studying drug-receptor interaction, and application of these concepts to interpretation of biological responses, therapeutic uses, and toxicity of drugs.  Three (3) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6578 Biochemical Pharmacology  (2) Interaction of drugs with biochemical processes.  Emphasis on biotransformation of drugs and effects of drugs on metabolism of important cellular constituents and control mechanisms.  Two (2) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6582 Analytical Methods in Neuroscience & Lab (2,2); Prereq.: PHA 3580, 3581, 4511.  The application of principles and techniques of neuroscience.  The central and the peripheral nervous system will be studied using pharmacological methods. Two (2) hours of lecture per week.
PHA 6715 Biostatistics and Computer Methodology (3) An introduction to methods of collection, tabulation, analysis, and application of biological data specifically related to various biomedical problems.  Three (3) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6715L Biostatistics and Computer Methodology Laboratory.  One  (1) hour per week.  Computer application to biostatistics.
PHA 6717 Research Design Methods & Analysis (3)This course will introduce students to research design, survey research sampling, measurements, data collection, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, analysis of variance, correlation, and regression.
PHA 6719 Research Design, Methodology and Analysis (3) Various aspects of research designs, methodologies, and analyses in pharmaceutical sciences. Emphasis on applications and uses of appropriate statistics in research.  Focus also on interpretation of research data based on analysis, research findings, reporting and proposal writing.  Three (3) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6737 Drugs and Society (4) Major aspects of drugs subject to misuse, including medical, social, and legal implications, consumer education, and user rehabilitation.
PHA 6740 Proposal Preparation and Grant Administration (2) Grant-proposal development, funding-source selection, and evaluation process for proposal approval and funding.  Two (2) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6749 College Teaching for Health Professionals (2) College Teaching as the name implies will focus on the teaching role of college/university faculty with particular emphasis on instructional planning, designing of instructional materials, evaluating of student performance, teaching of higher-order thinking skills, technology and teaching, and planning of effective lectures.
PHA 6901 Introduction to Graduate Studies in Pharmaceutical Sciences (V 1-5); Prereq. Graduate Status. Students will receive special training in topics designed to provide support for graduate work in pharmaceutical sciences.
PHA 6907 Special Problems in the Pharmaceutical Sciences (4) Drug-related problems in the pre-clinical and clinical setting.  Four (4) lecture hours per week.
PHA 6916 Field Experience in Economic, Social, and Administrative Sciences (2-6) This course will provide graduate students in the program practical experience in pharmacoeconomics. Students will complete a project in a selected health care institution (e,g., hospital pharmacy pharmaceutical company managed care organization, etc.,).
PHA  6916L Research Internship (1-9) Prereq: Two semesters of graduate study.  Supervised research experience in a well-established research institution.  Exposure to state-of-the-art research equipment, modern research activities, techniques.
PHA 6938 Research Seminar (1) Weekly discussion of current topics by students, faculty, and invited speakers. One (1) hour lecture per week.
PHA 6975 Research and Thesis (1-9) Students will conduct individual research projects in area of their scientific interest under direction of graduate faculty member with subsequent submission of written thesis to student’s graduate committee.
PHA 7979 Advanced Research (1-9) Prereq: Acceptance to the Ph.D. degree program.  Research for doctoral students before admission to candidacy.  Designed for students with master’s degree in the field of study or for students who have been accepted for a doctoral program.
PHA 7980 Research for Doctoral Dissertation (1-12) Prereq: Admission to doctoral candidacy.  Research for doctoral candidates for completion of the doctoral dissertation.
PHA 8966 M.S. Comprehensive Examination (0) This course is designed for students who have successfully completed all core and specialty areas requirements for the M.S. degree.  The examination’s purpose is to test student’s knowledge in core and specialty areas as well as test the ability to integrate and apply scientific concept in the chosen area of pharmaceutical sciences.
PHA 8968 Doctoral Research Protocol (0) This course is designed for Ph.D. students qualified for dissertation research.  Students enrolled are required to submit and present his/her doctoral research protocol to his/her Ph.D. advisory committee.
PHA 8969 Ph.D. Comprehensive Examination (0) This course is designed for students who have successfully completed all course requirements for the Ph.D. degree.  This examination is composed of a written and oral examination.  The examination’s purpose is to test student’s knowledge in core content and specialty areas, as well as test the ability to integrate and apply scientific concepts in the area of choice.
PHA 8976 Master’s Thesis Defense (0) This course is designed for Ph.D. candidates who completed all  the required M.S. research and submitted thesis in its final format.
PHA 8985 Doctoral Dissertation Defense (0) This course is designed for M.S. candidates who have finished all of required dissertation research and submitted dissertation in its final form.