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Department of Biological Sciences

Concentration in Molecular and Cellular Biology
Concentration in Pre-Professional

Concentration in Organismal, Ecological and Environmental Biology
Concentration in Biology Education
Course Descriptions


The
Department of Biology's mission parallels the mission of Florida A&M University, which is to provide, enlighten and enrich the student's academic environment. They will become highly qualified individuals who are prepared and capable of serving as leaded contributors in our ever-evolving society.

The department is dedicated to providing contemporary quality undergraduate and graduate education in several areas of the biological sciences, including pre-medical biology to science education. The structure of our programs ensures that students are exposed to courses that will prepare them for careers in all areas of biology. The laboratory experiences offered by the department require that students develop competencies in the use of modern biological techniques, and in the analysis, interpretation and presentation of data.

Part of our mission is to create opportunities for our students conducting research. Our students are well prepared to enter graduate or professional schools; such as medical, dental, or pharmacy; or to enter the workforce. It is our goal to produce graduate students who produce publishable research. We also prepare our graduate students to continue their education in doctoral or medical programs. The department serves non-majors as well, exposing this population of students to biological concepts that impact their lives. The faculty and staff of the Department of Biology strive to always provide "Excellence with Caring."
A student may obtain a bachelor of science degree from one of the four curricula.  A particular curriculum should be selected only after discussion with an academic advisor in the department.

Grade and Quality Point Requirements - The student in biology who plans to pursue a degree in any of the major curricula will be required to earn a grade of “C” or better in biology core courses (lecture and lab).

Requirements for a Minor in Biology - A minor in biology requires twenty credit hours of biology courses. A student must complete BSC 1010 and 1011 (lecture and lab) with a grade of “C” or better. The additional twelve hours may be taken from the following courses: ZOO 3713, PCB 2033, PCB 3063, BOT 3303, BOT 2313, PCB 4024, PCB 4023, and PCB 3723.

Faculty
Professors: Latinwo, Lekan; Adams, James; Washington, Arthur
Assistant Professors: Abonyo, Barack; Drum, Matthew; Gottschalk, Virginia; Hacisalihoglu, Gokan; Lebby, Kimberly; McCollum, Adrian; Miller, J.R.; Odewumni, Caroline O; Rolle, Roderick; Thornton, Michael;
Instructors:  Abdullah, Ahkinya; Mihalcik, Elizabeth
Instructor/Academic Advisor:  Banks, Letina

Bachelor of Science in Biology
(Concentration in Molecular and Cellular Biology)


Freshman Year Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
BSC 1010 General Biology I Lecture 3
BSC 1010L General Biology Lab I 1
BSC 3926 Professional Development for Biology 1
MAC 1105 College Algebra or 1147  Pre-Calculus 3 or 4
ENC 1101 Freshman Communication Skills I 3
CHM 1045 General Chemistry I Lecture 3
CHM 1045L General Chemistry I Lab
1
  15 or 16

Spring Semester Sem. Hrs.
BSC 1011 General Biology II Lecture 2
BSC 1011L General Biology II Lab 2
CHM 1046 General Chemistry II Lecture 3
CHM 1046 L General Chemistry II Lab 1
ENC 1102 Freshman Communications Skills II 3
MAC 1114 Trig. Functions or 2311 Calculus I
3 or 4
  14 or 15
                                                                                               
Sophomore Year Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
PCB 2033 Ecology 3
Humanities Elective 3
MAC 2311 Calculus I 4
CHM 3210 Organic Chemistry I Lecture 3
CHM 3210L Organic Chemistry I Lab 1
Social Science Elective
3
  17

Spring Semester Sem. Hrs.
ZOO 3713 Comparative Anatomy 4
CHM 3211 Organic Chemistry II Lecture 3
CHM 3211L Organic Chemistry II Lab 1
Humanities Elective 3
MCB 3010 Microbiology
4
  15

Summer Semester Sem. Hrs.
STA 2023 Statistics/Biostatistics 3
AMH 2091 Introduction to African American History or
AFA 3104 Introduction to African American Experiences
3
  6

Junior Year Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
PCB 3063 Genetics 4
Biology Elective 6
PHY 2048 General Physics Lecture 4
PHY 2048L General Physics Lab
1
  15

Spring Semester Sem. Hrs.
BOT 3303/2313 Plant Anatomy/Morphology 3
Biology Elective 4
Free Elective (above 2000 level) 3
PHY 2049 General Physics II Lecture 4
PHY 2049L General Physics II Lab
1
  15

Senior Year Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
BCH 4033 Biochemistry I Lecture 3
BCH 4033L Biochemistry I Lab 1
PCB 4023 Molecular Cell Biology 4
Free Elective (2000 level or above) 3
Free Elective (2000 level or above
3
  14

Spring Semester Sem. Hrs.
PCB 3723 Vertebrate Physiology Lecture 3
PCB 3723 Vertebrate Physiology Lab 1
Chemistry Elective 1-4
Biology Elective 3
BSC 4930 Professional Seminar 1
Free Elective (2000 level or above)
3
  12-15
TOTAL 120


Bachelor of Science in Biology
(Concentration in Pre-Professional)


Freshman Year Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
BSC 1010 General Biology I Lecture 3
BSC 1010L General Biology I Lab 1
CHM 1045 General Chemistry I Lecture 3
CHM 1045L General Chemistry I Lab 1
MAC 1105  College Algebra or 1147  Pre-Calculus 3 or 4
BSC 3926 Professional Deveopment for Biology 1
ENC 1101 Freshman Communication Skills I
  14 or 15

Spring Semester Sem. Hrs.
BSC 1011 General Biology II Lecture 2
BSC 1011L General Biology II Lab 2
CHM 1046 General Chemistry II Lectur 3
CHM 1046L General Chemistry II Lab 1
ENC 1102 Freshman Communication Skills I 3
MAC 1114 Trig. Functions or 2311 Calculus I
3 or 4
  14 or 15

Sophomore Year   Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
PCB 2033 Ecology 3
CHM 3210 Organic Chemistry I Lecture 3
CHM 3210L Organic Chemistry I Lab 1
Humanities Elective 3
Social Science Elective 3
MAC 2311Calculus I
4
  17

Spring Semester  Sem. Hrs.
ZOO 3713 Comparative Anatomy 4
CHM 3211 Organic Chemistry II Lecture 3
CHM 3211L Organic Chemistry II Lab 1
Humanities Elective 3
MCB 3010 Microbiology
4
  15

Summer Semester Sem. Hrs.
STA 2023 Statistics 3
AMH 2091 Introduction to African American History or AFA 3104 Introduction to African American Experiences
3
  6

Junior Year Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
PCB 3063 Genetics 4
Biology Elective 3
ZOO3653 Developmental Anatomy 3
PHY 2048 General Physics I Lecture 4
PHY 2048L General Physics I Lab
1
  15

Spring Semester Sem. Hrs.
BOT 3303/2313 Plant Anatomy or Plant Morphology 3
Biology Elective 4
Free Elective (above 2000 level) 3
PHY 2049 General Physics II Lecture 4
PHY 2049L General Physics II Lab
1
  15

Senior Year Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
BSC 4930 Professional Seminar 1
BCH 4033 Biochemistry I Lecture 3
BCH 4033L Biochemistry I Lab 1
PCB 4023 Molecular Cell Biology 4
Free Elective (above 2000 level)
3
  12

Spring Semester Sem. Hrs.
PCB 3723 Vertebrate Physiology Lecture 3
PCB 3723LVertebrate Physiology 1
BCH 4034 Biochemistry II Lecture 3
BCH 4034L Biochemistry II Lab 1
Free Elective (above 2000 level)
3
  11
TOTAL 120


Bachelor of Science in Biology
(Concentration in Organismal, Ecological and Environmental Biology)


Freshman Year Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
BSC 1010 General Biology I Lecture 3
BSC 1010L General Biology Lab I 1
MAC 1105 or MAC 1147 College Algebra or Pre-Calculus 3 or 4
ENC 1101 Freshman Communication Skills I 3
CHM 1045 General Chemistry I Lecture 3
CHM 1045L General Chemistry I Lab 1
BSC 3926 Professional Development for Biology
1
  15 o 16

Spring Semester Sem. Hrs.
BSC 1011 General Biology II Lecture 2
BSC 1011L General Biology II Lab 2
CHM 1046 General Chemistry II Lecture 3
CHM 1046L General Chemistry II Lab 1
ENC 1102 Freshman Communication Skills II 3
MAC 1114 or 2311 Trig. Functions or Calculus I
3 or 4
  14 or 15

Sophomore Year Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
PCB 2033 Ecology 3
Humanities Elective 3
CHM 3210 Organic Chemistry I Lecture 3
CHM 3210L Organic Chemistry I Lab 1
Social Science Elective 3
MAC 2311 Calculus I
4
  17

Spring Semester Sem. Hrs.
ZOO 3713 Comparative Anatomy 4
CHM 3211 Organic Chemistry II Lecture 3
CHM 3211L Organic Chemistry II Lab 1
Humanities 3
MCB 3010 Microbiology
4
  15

Summer  Semester Sem. Hrs.
STA 2023 Statistics/Biostatistics 3
AMH 2091 Introduction to African American History or
AFA 3104 Introduction to African American Experiences
3
  6

Junior Year Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
PCB 3063 Genetics 4
Biology Elective 6
PHY 2048 General Physics Lecture 4
PHY 2048L General Physics Lab
1
  15

Spring Semester Sem. Hrs.
BOT 3303/2313 Plant Anatomy/Morphology 3
Biology Elective 4
PCB 4674 Evolutionary Biology 3
PHY 2049 General Physics II Lecture 4
PHY 2049L General Physics II Lab
1
  15

Senior Year Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
BSC 4930 Professional Seminar 1
BCH 4033 Biochemistry I Lecture 3
BCH 4033L Biochemistry I Lab 1
PCB 4023 Molecular Cell Biology 4
Free Elective (2000 level or above
3
  12

Spring Semester Sem. Hrs.
PCB 3723 Vertebrate Physiology Lecture 3
PCB 3723 Vertebrate Physiology Lab 1
Chemistry Elective 1
Free Elective (2000 level or above)
3
  8-12
TOTAL 120

Bachelor of Science in Science Education
(Concentration in Biology Education)


Freshman Year       Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
ENC 1101 Freshman Communication Skills I 3
MAC 1105 College Algebra 3
BSC 1010 General Biology I Lecture 3
BSC 1010 General Biology I Lab 1
CHM 1045 General Chemistry I Lecture 3
CHM 1045L General Chemistry I Lab 1
EDG 3004 Overview and Orientation to teaching
1
  15

Spring Semester Sem. Hrs.
ENC 1102 Freshman Communication Skills II 3
MAC 1114 Trigonometric Functions 3
BSC 1011 General Biology II Lecture 2
BSC 1011 General Biology II Lab 2
CHM 1046 General Chemistry II Lecture 3
CHM 1046 General Chemistry II Lab 1
EDF 1005 Introduction to Education
3
  17

Summer Semester Sem. Hrs.
PSY 2012 Intro to Psychology
SPC 2600 Public Speaking or

3
SPC 1050 Foundation of Speech
AMH 2010 U.S. History 1492-1865 or

3
AMH 2020 U. S. History 1865-Present
3
  9

Sophomore Year Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
PCB 2033 Ecology 3
CHM 3210 Organic Chemistry I Lecture 3
CHM 3210L Organic Chemistry I Lab 1
ARH 2000 Art Appreciation or
MUL 2111 Intro.To Music or
THE 2311 Theatre Appreciation
3
MAC 2311 Calculus I 4
EDG 2701 Teaching Diverse Population
3
  17

Spring Semester Sem. Hrs.
MCB 3010 Microbiology 4
CHM 3211 Organic Chemistry II Lecture 3
CHM 3211L Organic Chemistry II Lab 1
PHI 2010 Intro. to Philosophy 3
EME 2040 Intro. to Educational Technology 3
AMH 2091 African American History
3
  17

Junior Year Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
ZOO 3603 Developmental Anatomy 3
BOT 3303/2313 Plant Anatomy/Morphology 3
TSL 4324 Instructional Strategies for Teaching ESOL 3
PHY 2053 College Physics I Lecture 3
PHY 2053L College Physics I Lab or 3
PHY 2048 General Physics I Lecture 4
PHY 2048L General Physics I Lab 1
BSC 4930 Professional Seminar
1
  17

Spring Semester Sem. Hrs.
GLY 2001 Intro. to Earth-Space Science 3
PCB 3723 Vertebrate Physiology Lecture 3
PCB 3723L Vertebrate Physiology Lab 1
ESE 4930 Inst. Seminar in Secondary Ed-Theory and Law 3
PHY 2054 College Physics II Lecture or
PHY 2049 General Physics II Lecture
4
SCE 3330 Teaching Science in High School
3
  16

Senior Year Sem. Hrs.
Fall Semester  
ESE 3341 Theory and Practice of Teaching 3
EDF 3430 Measurement and Evaluation of Educational Growth 3
PCB 3063 Genetics 4
EDF 3135 Adolescent Psychology
3
  13

Spring Semester Sem. Hrs.
ESE 4943 Student Teaching
6
  6
TOTAL 127



BSC 2093 Anatomy and Physiology (3) Prereq: BSC 1005C or BSC 1010, CHM 1030 or CHM 1045. Normal structure and physiology of the skeleton, muscle, and nervous systems. Lecture.
BSC 2093L Anatomy and Physiology I Lab (1) Systems of cat as a mammalian model including muscles, bones.
BSC 2094 Anatomy and Physiology II (3) Prereq: BSC 2093. Continuation of BSC 2093 with emphasis on the cardiovascular, respiratory, excretory, digestive, endocrine, reproductive and special senses systems. Lecture
BSC 2094L Anatomy and Physiology II Lab (1) Continuation of BSC 2093 and deals with cardio-vascular, digestive, renal, and reproductive systems (non-majors).
BSC 4833 Radiation Biology (3). Radiations emitted by atomic nuclei, radiation absorption, cell survival, immunology, protective actions, recovery from irradiation, and radiation protection.
BOT 2313C01 Plant Anatomy and Development (2) Prereq: BSC 1011. Structure and development of higher plants in relationship to functions. Lecture and lab.
BOT 3303 Plant Morphology  C01 (2) Prereq: BSC 1011. Plant forms, their habitat, general features, means of reproduction, and plant evolution. Lecture/Lab.
BSC 1010C General Biology I (4) General biological principles and cell function for biology and other health science majors. Must earn a “C” Grade to advance. Lecture/labs.
BSC 1011C General Biology II (4) Prereq: BSC 1010. Deals with protists, fungi plant and animal biology for biology and other health science majors. Must earn a “C” grade to advance. Lecture/labs.
BSC 3926 Professional Development for Biology (0) A course designed for biology majors to participate in seminars given by scientists and to engage in activities for professional development.
BSC 4101 History of Biology (2) Prereq: none. A survey of the history of biology from ancient times to modern era focusing on ancient Greece, Hellenistic and Arabic cultures, scientific societies, and development of cell biology, embryology, genetics, microbiology, physiology and evolution.
BSC 4930 Biology Pro-seminar I (1) Techniques of scientific research writing, preparation, and presentation of paper in area of biological science.
BSC 4931 Biology Pro-seminar II (1) Prereq: BSC 4930. Continuation of preparation and presentation of paper in area of biological science.
BSC 4936 Special Topics in Biological Sciences (variable 1-4).
BSC 4974A Cell Biology for Honors (4) Prereq: BSC 1011, BCH 4033. Macromolecular structure of cell and subcellular organelles, including nucleus, mitochondrion and chloroplast, their organization as well as function. Individual special assignments on related topics.
BSC 4974B Histology for Honors
(4) Prereq: ZOO 3713C, ZOO 3653. Microscopic anatomy and ultra-structure of normal cells, tissue preparation, and staining techniques. Individual assignments of special problems.
BSC 4974C Marine Biology for Honors (4) Prereq: PCB 2033C. Study of marine ecosystem zones, physio-chemical factors, interrelationships of plants, animals and environment, estuaries, marshes, and coral reefs. Individual assignments on related topics.
BSC 4974D Principles of Genetics for Honors (4) Prereq: BSC 1011C. Basic principles which control transmission of hereditary characters and factors which cause mutation. Individual assignments on related topics.
BSC 4974E Vertebrate Physiology for Honors Prereq: PCB 3743. Organ systems of mammals with emphasis on human systems, digestion, endocrines and reproduction, and special sensory systems.
APB 3501 Pathophysiology (3) Prereq: APB 3220, PCB 3743. Physiology of cells, organs, and systems of human body as related to pathological conditions.
BSC 1005C Biological Science (4) Study of basic biological principles. Topics include cell structure, genetics, diversity of organisms, physiology and ecology. Lectures/laboratory for non-majors.
MCB 3005C01 Microbiology (4) An introductory microbiology course for nursing and others majors. Lecture and lab.
MCB 3010C01 Microbiology (3) Prereq: BSC 1011 and CHM 1046. Biology of microorganisms and viruses including taxonomy and pathogenic relationships. Lecture and lab.
OCB 4042 C01 Introduction to Marine Biology (3) Prereq: PCB 2033C. Topics of marine ecosystem such as primary production, energy relations, physiochemical factors, taxonomic groups, deep estuaries, lagoons, and marshes are covered. Field trips supplementary.
PCB 2033C01 Introduction to Ecology (3) Prereq: BSC 1011C. Emphasis of fundamental concepts of ecology such as ecosystems, energy relations, primary and secondary production, nutrient cycling species, population, communities succession, terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, population and human ecology. Lecture and lab.
PCB 3063C01 Principles of Genetics (3) Prereq: BSC 1011C. Basic principles which control transmission of hereditary characters and factors which cause mutation. Life cycles of representative organisms are also discussed. Lecture and lab.
PCB 3723C Vertebrate Physiology (3) Prereq: BSC 1010C, BSC 1011C, CHM 1045C, CHM 1046C, CHM 3210C, CHM 3211C, and PHY 3053C, PHY 3054 or currently enrolled. Course deals with body fluids and functions of cells, tissues and organ systems. Lecture.
PCB 3723L Vertebrate Physiology Lab (1) Experimental demonstration of cardiovascular, muscular, respiratory, nervous, excretory and reproductive physiology.
PCB 4023C Cell Biology C01 (3) Prereq: BSC 1011C and BCH 4033. Fractionation, structure and function of subcellular organelles. Macromolecular organization of the cell, information transfer and protein synthesis. Lecture/laboratory.
PCB 4024C01 Molecular Biology (3) Prereq: BSC 1011, BCH 4033. Structure of DNA in organisms, duplication, protein synthesis, analysis of DNA, and genetic engineering. Lecture/laboratory.
PCB 4044 Ecological Processes (3) Prereq: PCB 2033L. Ecology. Environment, energy transformation by plants and animals, population ecology, communities, species and adaptations to new environments.
PCB 4201 Cell Physiology (4) Prereq: PCB 4023 Cell Biology. Cells in diverse environments, energy metabolism of cells: cellular reactions, kinetics, redox potentials, release of energy, oxygen consumption, photosynthesis, biosynthesis, and regulation of cellular metabolism.
PCB 4233 Immunology (3) Prereq: MCB 3020. Introduction to the immune system, Ag/Ab reactions, development of vaccines and the applications.
PCB 4315 Marine Ecology (4) Prereq: PCB 2033C Ecology. Ocean environment and subdivisions, salinity and temperature, plankton, nekton, productivity, shore zone, neutic and oceanic regions, deep sea environment, importance of oceans to earth and man, and submarine vents.
PCB 4364C Physiological Ecology (3) Prereq: PCB 2033C, CHM 1046. Physiological adaptation of animal species to the environment they inhabit and strategies for homeostasis in changing environments. Systems dealt with are metabolism, osmoregulation, endocrine, biorhythms, sense organs, nervous regulation and reproduction.
PCB 4455 Statistical Procedures (3) Prereq: STA 3173 Biostatistics. Experimental design, collection of data, measurement of data, estimation and testing. Analysis of variance, least squares, linear regression and correlation, multivariate statistics.
PCB 4674 Evolutionary Biology (3) Prereq: PCB 3063 Genetics. Theories of origin of life, theories of evolution, evidences, sources of variation, natural selection, populations, isolating mechanisms, evolution above species level. A synthesis of biological concepts.
ZOO 2203L Invertebrate Zoology Lab (1) A lab course that surveys taxonomy and structure of invertebrate.
ZOO 2303C Vertebrate Zoology (2) Prereq: BSC 1011. Taxonomy, morphology, functional anatomy, behavior, adaptations, migrations, dormancy, reproduction, development, growth, zoogeography and populations of vertebrate animals. Lecture.
ZOO 2303L Vertebrate Zoology Lab (1) A course designed to explain structure and taxonomy of vertebrate animals.
ZOO 2203L Invertebrate Zoology (2) Prereq: BSC 1011. Advanced study of taxonomy, physiology, life history, and ecology of invertebrates. Porifera through the protochordata covered. Lecture.
ZOO 3653C01 Development Anatomy (Embryology) (2) Prereq: BSC 1011C. Comparative development of vertebrate embryos with special emphasis on chick and pig; developmental genetics and cellular differentiation. Lecture/Lab.
ZOO 3713C01 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy (4) Prereq: BSC 1011, ZOO 3653. Comparative study of organ systems of vertebrates. Laboratory dissections of selected types. Lecture/Lab.
ZOO 3753C01 Histology C01 (3) Prereq: Zoo 3653, ZOO 3713. Microscopic anatomy and ultra structure of normal cells, tissues and organs. Tissue preparation and staining techniques. Lecture and lab.
ZOO 4233 Parasitology (2) Prereq: ZOO 3713, ZOO 3653. Study of animal parasitology with emphasis on medical and veterinary forms. Taxonomy, structure and host-parasite interactions considered. Lecture.
ZOO 4233L Parasitology Lab (1) A survey of the parasitic animals, life histories and their economic importance.