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Thread: Haiti: The Fight Against Malnutrition

Created on: 04/20/10 12:55 PM

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Joined: 04/20/10

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Haiti: The Fight Against Malnutrition
04/20/10 12:55 PM

Presenter: Hephzibah Lovett
Presentation Type: Poster
Classification / Majors: Junior / Food Science
Institution: Florida A&M University
Internship Site: College of Engineering Sciences, Technology, and Agriculture
Supervisor(s): Ms. Harriet Paul, and Dr. Daniel Solis

Haiti: The Fight against Malnutrition

Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and one of the poorest countries in the developing world. Seventy-five percent of Haitians live on less than two US dollars per day: about eighty percent of the rural Haitian population is living in poverty. Haiti is largely a food deficit country. It relies heavily on imported food – 48 percent of national consumed food is imported, 47 percent is produced locally, and food assistance takes up 5 percent of the national needs.

These issues have significantly affected the Nutrition of the people of Haiti. Child Malnutrition has been an issue in Haiti for over 50 years. It has been an outcome of various preventable causes. Many families are illiterate and do not have the proper education on child nutrition; causing them to not breast feed or provide their children with a good balanced diet. A large amount of children are affected by a lack of protein and calories in their diet. Common syndromes include: Kwashiorkor, Nutritional Dwarfing, and Nutritional Marasmus.

The purpose of the project was to evaluate three vegetable protein alternatives; soy bean, peanuts, and sorghum. Then to determine which alternative would best improve the protein nutritional quality of diets in poor rural areas of Haiti. Meta-Ethnography was the research method used.

The research suggested that using locally grown protein crops such as peanuts and sorghum in combination with vegetables will enhance the overall nutrition of poor families in Haiti, and work towards the reduction of protein-calorie malnutrition. The research also suggested that a peanut protein would be most successful in alleviating protein-calorie malnutrition in Haiti due to its high caloric value and high digestibility. Educational programs should be used to promote awareness of these issues.
* Last updated by: Hlovett on 4/21/2010 @ 3:28 AM *

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